The Borough of Watchung was organized on April 20, 1926 and covers an area of approximately 6.2 square miles. Watchung was settled in the early eighteenth century and grew slowly until recent years. In 1960 the population was 3,312 and in 2000 it was 5,613. The name Watchung comes from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans, meaning ’high hills’. It is from the first ridge of the Watchung Mountains that George Washington surveyed the British troops in Perth Amboy many miles southeast.
Watchung is roughly a 40 minute drive to New York City and a 30 minute drive to Newark.